India: Laws and Legislation

No modern slavery laws and noted as being particularly inactive compared to other developed countries.




India does not have one central legislative framework governing public procurement. However, government ministries and departments are to comply with the requirements of various guidelines, manuals, and the procedures available for public procurement, none of which specifically refer to modern slavery. 

In June 2017, the Indian government issued the Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2017 as part of the government’s policy to encourage manufacturing and production of goods and services in India.

The policy is aimed at giving purchasing preference to local suppliers in public procurement processes. 

It has been noted that this policy could open the door to including human rights as a consideration in public procurement processes.


Who needs to report?

Entities will need to report under the Act if they are an entity or carry on business in that country with a minimum annual consolidated revenue of $100 million. 

What does reporting entail?

Reporting obligations relate to the risk of modern slavery in the operations and supply chain of a reporting entity (and its owned and controlled entities), as well as the steps it has taken to respond to the risks identified. 

Unlike other jurisdictions, the reporting criteria in Canada are mandatory.  Reporting entities must have a reasonable basis for any opinions expressed in their Modern Slavery statement, so it is important that reporting entities take the time to assess their risk.  The reporting criteria can be found here.

What should entities do?

It is crucial that reporting entities begin reviewing their supply chains and operations to comply with the new reporting obligations.

What is the timing?

A modern slavery statement must be submitted within six months after the end of the reporting entity’s financial year.  The reporting period is the entity’s first full financial year that commences after 1 January 2020.

Entity’s annual financial reporting period First reporting period under the Commonwealth Act Due date for statement
1 July to 30 June 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020 31 December 2020
1 January to 31 December 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020 30 June 2021
1 April to 31 March 1 April 2019 to 31 March 2020 30 September 2020